Orthognatic Surgery is a procedure to correct dental problems such as skeletal disorders, malocclusion, TMJ disorders, sleep apnea, and others. We specialize in oral and jaw surgery and serve customers across Carson City, Nevada, USA to correct a wide array of major and minor dental and skeletal problems.
Types of Orthognatic Surgery
Maxillary osteotomy is one type which is usually performed to correct orthodontic problems such as open bite, too little or too much of teeth showing, crossbite, and reduced upper jaw. Other types of surgery are genioplasty or chin surgery and mandibular osteotomy or lower jaw surgery. Patients with a reduced lower jaw often have a deficient chin as well. To correct this, our surgeons make a cut in the chin bone and then fix it in a new place. In many cases we are able to restructure the chin and correct the jaw with one procedure. Lower jaw surgery is also performed to move the jaw to a new position. In general, surgeries can be divided into standard and specialized procedures which are usually performed by an oral or maxillofacial surgeon. The goal is to alter the structure of the face and align the jaws. While orthodontic surgeries are performed for cosmetic reasons as well, there are many benefits for patients. One is that the procedure helps correct speech, breathing, chewing, and other problems. Surgery also helps correct facial skeletal discrepancies that result in temporomandibular joint pathology, soft issue discrepancies, airway defects, and apnea. Our surgeons are also experienced in correcting transverse, vertical, and anteroposterior jaw discrepancies. They are trained in the ongoing management and treatment of pathologies and irregularities of the mouth and jaw. We cover a wide array of disorders and pathologies, including oro-facial pain, dentoalveolar trauma, oral infections, and soft and hard tissue pathologies. This includes mesenchymal disorders of the hard and soft tissues, epithelial diseases, and other maxillofacial pathologies.
Other types of Surgery
There are other types of surgery such as reconstructions of aging related, post-tumor, post-trauma, developmental, and congenital defects. Surgeries are also performed to reposition the chin, lower and upper jaws, nasal structures, and orbital and cheek bones. Orthodontic surgery is performed to support facial and oral prosthetic devices and to create a favorable environment for interosseous implants and dentures. Finally, dento-alveolar surgeries are performed to uncover teeth for orthodontic purposes, re-contour the alveolar bone, and extract teeth.
Possible Complications and Side Effects
Like other medical procedures, there are possible complications such as facial numbness due to nerve damage, vomiting, nausea, infection, swelling, and bleeding. Complications such as numbness are usually temporary. In general, side effects and complications occur infrequently.